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The existence of life in Bhutan can be traced back to as far as The Stone Age (8,000-3,000 B.C). Unearthing of Monoliths (namchag) and dorings is an evidence of it. Namchag or stone axe is a stone weapon used for hunting animals and during warfare. Dorings were used for the demarcation of border and for performing certain religious rites.

In the medieval period, Bhutan was known as Lho Mon or The Southern Land of Darkness. The arrival of Guru Rinpoche in 746 AD marked the advent of Buddhism in the country. In later centuries, many Buddhist masters from Tibet visited Bhutan, proliferating Buddhism.

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